Wood Duck Crazy, my previous post wasn't a "shot" at legitimate resident outfitters. I think they have a hard job, and it's certainly one I would never want. I was hunting with an Alberta resident two years ago, and he asked in a local office what the requirements are to get an outfitters license. It sounded like a lot of hoops to jump through. Also, while in Canada I was approached by a local outfitter whom I have since learned has a less than stellar reputuation for abiding by game laws. My friend, an Alberta resident, had nothing good to say about the guy, tells me he is a well known poacher, etc. I think that like anything else, there are good, ethical outfitters as well as the not-so-good. Obviously, the place to start is the illegal US outfitters guiding up in Canada. As for your question about what would constitue illegal guiding by residents, I would say it would not only include those guiding without a license, but also those who allow clients to break any laws while being guided. Again, it seems to me that it would be a very difficult, high-pressure job if done well, legally and ethically. Those who do it properly deserve their fees and respect.