Moist-soil Plant ID Post

Discussion in 'Habitat Forum' started by Clayton, Nov 29, 2017.

  1. Clayton

    Clayton Moderator Moderator

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    Add your pictures and correct ID. This will be a future Sticky.
    Barnyardgrass
    Echinochloa crus-galli, Wild millets in this area can also fall under E. colona, E. muricata and E. walteri.
    Excellent waterfowl food producing a large seed favored by mallards.
    Stem is flat at the base. See photo.
    Japanese millet is domesticated from barnyardgrass.
    Can easily grow to 3' -4' tall but have seen it pushing 6' in rare cases. Capable of growing on higher/dryer sites.
    barnyardgrass clump.JPG barnyardgrass clump.JPG barnyardgrass seed head2.jpg barnyardgrass stem_flatside.JPG barnyardgrass stem_wide side.JPG
     
    Last edited: Dec 4, 2017
  2. Clayton

    Clayton Moderator Moderator

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    Red Sprangletop
    Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis
    Good seed producer. Seed is small and tends to be favored by teal, gadwall, pintail and wigeon.
    Grows best in soil that stays moist throughout the growing season.
    Stem is round at base.
    Picture 7341.jpg Picture 7343.jpg Picture 7346.jpg Picture 7355.jpg
     
    Last edited: Dec 4, 2017
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  3. rdj.olympia

    rdj.olympia Senior Refuge Member

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    American Slough Grass.
    We have ponds that have American Mannagrass which is an OK seeder and it pretty much out competes smartweed & barnyard millet which is preferred in our area. American Slough grass is a high producing grass that competes well with the mannagrass and ducks love the seed. They have small seeds and 200,000 seeds per pound so ducks won't feed out the ponds too quickly.
    [​IMG]
     

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  4. Fowler267

    Fowler267 Elite Refuge Member

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    Great Idea for a sticky!!! You were a Great Choice to moderate Clayton!
     
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  5. smashdn

    smashdn Elite Refuge Member

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    Add Latin names if possible. Geographical vernacular may be misleading in some cases.
     
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  6. Clayton

    Clayton Moderator Moderator

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    red_root flatsedge1.jpg Red-root flatsedge
    Cyperus erythrorhizos, C. odoratus
    Excellent seed producer.
    Grows best in soil that stays moist throughout the growing season.
    Produces a small seed that tends to be favored by teal, gadwall, wigeon and pintail but also used by mallards and black ducks.
    Seed often floats for several days after dropping off thus it is often skimmed from the surface.
     
  7. Clayton

    Clayton Moderator Moderator

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    Yellow-nut sedge or yellow-nut grass aka chufa
    What most people know as chufa is a domesticated variety.
    Cyperus esculentus
    Produces best where the soil stays moist throughout the growing season.
    The primary food source is actually the underground tubers or nutlets though it does produce seed but in lower volume than red-root flatsedge.
    Mallards, black ducks and geese love the tubers. They will dig them up as soon as they are flooded, even if by a skim of water. As long as they can dig them up they will. Unfortunately raccoons love the tubers as well and can be heck on plantings and occasionally damage wild stands heavily.

    chufa1.jpg tubers from chufa planting_2011.jpg chufa feeding_2011 011.jpg
     
  8. Fowler267

    Fowler267 Elite Refuge Member

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    Will Chufa grow in swampy areas?

    Will it reproduce? From year to year?
     
  9. Clayton

    Clayton Moderator Moderator

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    It needs to be dry but moist. Yes it can carryover year to year up to a point. If you are trying a small planting trap the heck out of the coons.
     
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